Heat Properties of Water
01-29-2018, 02:03 PM
Post: #1
 Eddie W. Shore Senior Member Posts: 1,358 Joined: Dec 2013
Heat Properties of Water
Blog post: https://edspi31415.blogspot.com/2018/01/...-heat.html

The program HEATH20 calculates three heat properties of liquid water based on its temperature. The program accepts three measurements for liquid water, Fahrenheit (°F), Celsius (°C), or Kelvin (K).

Formulas Used:

Specific heat capacity of water (ratio of heat added or removed from an object to cause a temperature change), measured in J/(g*°C):

C =

4.218 + 3.47*10^-4 *(T – 273)^2, for 233 K ≤ T < 274 K

4.175 + 1.3*10^-5 * (T – 308)^2 + 1.6 * 10^-8 *(T-308)^4, for 274 K ≤ T ≤ 308 K

(slight adjustment on the limits to allow for 273 K to be calculated using the former formula)

Latent heat of evaporation, measured in kJ/kg:

V = 1000 * (2.5 * (273.15/T)^(0.167 + 3.67 * 10^-4 *T))

Latent heat of fusion, measured in kJ/kg:

M = 333.5 + 2.05 * T – 0.0105 * T^2

HP Prime Program HEATH20
Code:
 EXPORT HEATH2O() BEGIN // Water Properties // EWS 2018-01-28 // Seinfeld, Pandis // Atmospheric Chemistry - 2006 // input of temperature LOCAL ch,T,C,V,H; INPUT({T,{ch,{"°F","°C","K"}}}, "Temperature", {"Temp: ","Unit: "}); IF ch==1 THEN T:=5/9*(T-32)+273.15; END; IF ch==2 THEN T:=T+273.15; END; // Specific heat (liquid) CASE IF T≥233 AND T<274 THEN C:=4.218+3.47ᴇ−4*(T-273)^2; END; IF T≥274 AND T≤308 THEN  C:=4.175+1.3ᴇ−5*(T-308)+ 1.6ᴇ−8*(T-308)^4; END; DEFAULT C:=0; END; // Latent Heat: Evaporation V:=(2.5*(273.15/T)^ (0.167+3.67ᴇ−4*T))*1000; // Latent Heat: Fusion M:=333.5+2.05*(T-273.15) -0.0105*(T-273.15)^2; // Results PRINT(); PRINT("Temp: "+STRING(T)+" K"); IF C≠0 THEN PRINT("Spec. Heat-Liquid (kJ/g*K)"); PRINT(STRING(C)+" kJ/(g*K)");  END; PRINT("Latent Heat - Evaporation:"); PRINT(STRING(V)+" kJ/kg"); PRINT("Latent Heat - Fusion"); PRINT(STRING(M)+" kJ/kg"); END;

Example

0°C (273.15 K):

Results:

Temp: 273.15 K
Specific Heat: 4.218008415 kJ/(g*K)
Latent Heat – Evaporation: 2500 kJ/kg
Latent Heat – Fusion: 333.5 kJ/kg

Source:

John H. Seinfeld, Spyros N. Pandis. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics: From Air Pollution to Climate Change, 2nd Edition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc: Hoboken, New Jersey. 2006 ISBN-13: 978-0-471-72018-8
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