overflow

03082020, 04:57 AM
Post: #1




overflow
I have calculator competitions at school and there is a company called UIL that makes the test we take and the rest of the schools in our area, they have a question that has a number like 2018 raised the power 2442 or something and my calculator hits an overflow, is there a program out there that can let me solve this on the calculator? I use an HP prime btw


03082020, 01:07 PM
Post: #2




RE: overflow
Here's one way of doing 2018^2442 on the Prime. Please note that in CAS, pressing the LOG key types the log10() function, and Shift LOG types the alog10() function.
(1) Be sure you're in CAS view. This doesn't work in Home. Why? Dunno. (2) log10(2018.)*2442 [Be sure to include the decimal point!] > 8070.61747736 (3) alog10(fp(Ans)) > 4.1445497719 The first result (in step 2) tells us the exponent of the final answer: 8070. Ignore everything after the decimal point. The second result (in step 3) gives us the mantissa of the final answer: 4.14455 (rounded off) Therefore, the answer for 2018^2442 is 4.14455 × 10^8070. Please note that step 3 will almost always return some inaccurate digits, since it chops off the integer part of step 2's result, thereby losing that many digits of accuracy. In the above example, step 3 returns 4.1445497719, but the last 3 digits of that are wrong. So always discard the last few digits from step 3's result. Programming the above method is trivial, and is left to the student for homework. <0ɸ0> Joe 

03082020, 02:37 PM
Post: #3




RE: overflow
This reminds me that the native LongFloat "library" is still missing.
I would really like to see that and a proper RPL stack (internally using list processing) I could finally retire my ironage hp 50G and solely depend on the Prime. – – VPN 

03082020, 02:52 PM
Post: #4




RE: overflow
Another way, by scaling x^y to k (1+ε)^y
2018^2442 = 1.009^2442 * 4 * 2^2440 * 1000^2442 = 1.009^2442 * 4 * 1.024^244 * 1000^(2442+244) ≈ 4.144549796E12 * 10^8058 = 4.144549796 * 10^8070 

03082020, 04:25 PM
Post: #5




RE: overflow
Texas UIL? Did that as a kid.
Sounds like this question was intentionally written to force students to use properties of logs as Joe pointed out. I don't know of any calculators that go to 10^8070 natively. HP's typically go to 10^499, the TI84+: 10^99, TINspire:10^999. Perhaps they picked such a large value in case some kid had a DM42 which goes to 10^6144. 

03082020, 05:43 PM
Post: #6




RE: overflow
(03082020 04:25 PM)Wes Loewer Wrote: Texas UIL? Did that as a kid. SysRPL allows nnnnn exponents (old 48 series)   VPN 

03082020, 07:22 PM
Post: #7




RE: overflow
(03082020 05:43 PM)CyberAngel Wrote: SysRPL allows nnnnn exponents (old 48 series) Nice. I hadn't thought of that. I looked up the Texas UIL rules and it says that the calculator must have its memory cleared before the test but then students can handenter whatever programs they want after the test has started. So no emacs, but you could edit a string and run ASM. Of course, by the time you do all that, you could have had the answer using logs. 

03082020, 07:52 PM
Post: #8




RE: overflow
(03082020 04:25 PM)Wes Loewer Wrote: Texas UIL? Did that as a kid. To clarify, I competed in one Texas UIL Math competition in Algebra and Geometry. I didn't even have a calculator yet as I was still using a slide rule. UIL used to have a slide rule competitions. It's been a few years, but as I recall, the competition that year allowed either slide rule or calculator. I have a nephew who did UIL Calculator contests a few years ago. He told me the coach had them all use HP calculators as RPN was so much faster. 

03082020, 08:13 PM
(This post was last modified: 03082020 08:13 PM by DA74254.)
Post: #9




RE: overflow
(03082020 01:07 PM)Joe Horn Wrote: Here's one way of doing 2018^2442 on the Prime. Please note that in CAS, pressing the LOG key types the log10() function, and Shift LOG types the alog10() function. My emphasis. What do you mean with this? I just get a "syntax error" on that. What does "fp" mean? Esben 28s, 35s, 49G+, 50G, Prime G2 HW D, SwissMicros DM42, DM32, WP43 Pilot Elektronika MK52 & MK61 

03082020, 08:29 PM
(This post was last modified: 03082020 08:41 PM by JF Garnier.)
Post: #10




RE: overflow
(03082020 01:07 PM)Joe Horn Wrote: (1) Be sure you're in CAS view. This doesn't work in Home. Why? Dunno. (03082020 02:52 PM)Albert Chan Wrote: Another way, by scaling x^y to k (1+ε)^y Combining the simple method 1 and the more accurate method 2: (1) 2018^2442 = 2.018^2442 * 10^(3*2442) (2) log10(2.018)*2442> 744.617477362 (3) alog10(fp(Ans)) > 4.14454979627 (4) 3*2442+744=8070 Therefore, the answer for 2018^2442 is 4.144549796 × 10^8070. JF 

03082020, 09:23 PM
Post: #11




RE: overflow
(03082020 01:07 PM)Joe Horn Wrote: (1) Be sure you're in CAS view. This doesn't work in Home. Why? Dunno. It's weird! In HOME mode, fp(Ans) returns the proper value but alog10(fp(Ans)) returns 1. If you manually type in alog10(.61747736) then 4.1445497719 is displayed. I guess there are separate Ans registers for Home and CAS modes? Tom L Cui bono? 

03082020, 09:38 PM
(This post was last modified: 03082020 09:39 PM by DA74254.)
Post: #12




RE: overflow
Thank you toml_12953
I got it now. I embarrasingly added an extra set of parenthesis, which wasn't to my Primes liking.. Esben 28s, 35s, 49G+, 50G, Prime G2 HW D, SwissMicros DM42, DM32, WP43 Pilot Elektronika MK52 & MK61 

03082020, 10:12 PM
Post: #13




RE: overflow
(03082020 09:23 PM)toml_12953 Wrote:(03082020 01:07 PM)Joe Horn Wrote: (1) Be sure you're in CAS view. This doesn't work in Home. Why? Dunno. I just tap twice on the needed argument in the history and I gets copied into prompt line. No ANS needed. – – VPN 

03082020, 11:55 PM
Post: #14




RE: overflow
(03082020 02:37 PM)CyberAngel Wrote: This reminds me that the native LongFloat "library" is still missing. Yeah, what he said! Actually, no LongFloat required. The HP50 in exact mode gives the, er, exact answer all 8071 digits. It does take almost 3 minutes however. 

03112020, 05:16 PM
(This post was last modified: 03112020 05:26 PM by StephenG1CMZ.)
Post: #15




RE: overflow
Although not "Longfloat" there is an extended precision library that might help.
https://www.hpmuseum.org/forum/thread13024.html (I don't know if it implements ^) Stephen Lewkowicz (G1CMZ) https://my.numworks.com/python/steveg1cmz 

03112020, 06:18 PM
Post: #16




RE: overflow
(03112020 05:16 PM)StephenG1CMZ Wrote: Although not "Longfloat" there is an extended precision library that might help. Not quite the same, bit pretty good. Thanks for the link! – – VPN 

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