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Fallacy-Free Arguments
09-01-2019, 06:24 PM
Post: #1
Fallacy-Free Arguments
It seems as if very few people are really interested in the study of logic, because, as philosopher Charles Peirce suggested many years ago, every person “conceives himself to be proficient enough in the art of reasoning already.” It is interesting to note, however, that we “proficient” reasoners rarely recognize in others a similar proficiency. We regard few arguments other than our own as genuinely good ones, and we sincerely believe that what the rest of the world needs is “to study a little logic.”
Those who make the effort “to study a little logic” will no doubt improve their ability to think correctly and to express that thinking more clearly. One of the current terms for such a skill is “critical thinking.” One philosopher has defined critical thinking as “a process, the goal of which is to make reasonable decisions about what to believe and what to do.” To do such reflective thinking, students of logic need to learn not only the techniques of distinguishing bad arguments from good ones but also how to construct good arguments." (pg. 1)

A Practical Guide to Fallacy-Free Arguments
T. Edward Damer
© 2009, 2005 Wadsworth Cengage Learning

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09-02-2019, 01:07 PM
Post: #2
RE: Fallacy-Free Arguments
Many confuse thinking with reasoning. I can think about math, but not reason.

Spanish translation of the note

Parece que muy pocas personas están realmente interesadas en el estudio de la lógica, porque, como sugirió el filósofo Charles Peirce hace muchos años, cada persona "se concibe a sí misma como lo suficientemente competente en el arte del razonamiento". Es interesante notar que sin embargo, que los razonadores "competentes" rara vez reconocemos en otros una competencia similar. Consideramos pocos argumentos además de los nuestros como genuinamente buenos, y creemos sinceramente que lo que el resto del mundo necesita es "estudiar un poco de lógica".
Aquellos que hacen el esfuerzo de "estudiar un poco de lógica" sin duda mejorarán su capacidad de pensar correctamente y expresar ese pensamiento con mayor claridad. Uno de los términos actuales para tal habilidad es "pensamiento crítico". Un filósofo ha definido el pensamiento crítico como "un proceso, cuyo objetivo es tomar decisiones razonables sobre qué creer y qué hacer". Hacer ese pensamiento reflexivo , los estudiantes de lógica necesitan aprender no solo las técnicas para distinguir los argumentos malos de los buenos, sino también cómo construir buenos argumentos ".


What is mathematical reasoning?
And specifically, what is algebraic reasoning?


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